The regime for spills from shipping is based on IMO conventions. Rules and regulations for offshore installations are based on national laws.

An overview of liability and compensation for ship-source oil pollution in the marine environment, published by the International Group of P&I Clubs, the IOPC Funds and ITOPF.

It is based on the collaborators’ experience of applying the provisions of the compensation regimes to incidents around the world, and the assessment of associated claims for compensation. The importance of a close relationship between those claiming compensation, those paying compensation, and technical advisers - who all work together closely during the claims process – is highlighted throughout with case studies.

Further detailed publications and information on compensation for tanker spills are available from IOPC Funds website at This inlcudes their Claims Information Pack.